the illusion of now.

Time and the brain: the illusion of now.

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=BEuNa1Vp_b0

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speed and amount of time.

in the following description i mean the amount of time in width, not in length as the amount of  time between two different points in time.. i will describe the amount of time passing at any given moment, in connection with speed.

both speed and amount of time change the rate at which information is flowing through an object. the rate of information flow depends on energy in the system (gravity, heat) and also on the amount of information in any given location (in vacuum there’s less information). for one who studies, acquiring new information, the time around seems to flow at a different rate, depending on the person letting the information in or bouncing it back. a person who had almost stopped learning after school years will talk for entire life about the truths remembered from that period.. the person’s relative time had ‘stopped’ (continuing only in physical processes of body), while for the one who keeps learning, the amount of time at any given moment, the rate of flow of information, is bigger, creating in essence larger life. a larger life can mathematically be described as a longer life lived, compared to those stuck in the past in their knowledge.

(it may sound like one who studies more will age faster, but as i explained in my previous writing the ‘aging’ as such doesn’t exist as a scientific measure — it is the cumulative effect of damage in your body. thus, by undoing the damage you will not age faster — you will stay in the same health for ever.)

only by counting time both in speed and amount (in average width) we can tell how much someone has lived (in comparative length, mathematically speaking). one can in a single lifetime live a hundred lifetimes of another, when counting the amount of information they have been through in their lives.

relative time clarified.

regardless of the form of energy pumped into a system, be it gravity or heat, more time is created, thus from local point of view (in the system) time speeds up (regardless of not being noticed from inside the system about the system, when there’s nothing outside to compare with). the outside system’s life lags behind, like you’re moving at high velocity, and for outside observer, in which system there’s less time available, the observed high gravity (or high temperature) system’s time goes faster. the high energy density system has spent more time when counted at the meeting point of the two observers where time equalizes.

just imagine that time is like a flow of points: 

more time in the system: ……………….. 

less time in the system: . . . . . . . . . .  

in this sense “more time” doesn’t mean time is streched but in contrary to that — time is compressed, more time is squeezed into the local space, into the area of the system with high energy density. thus for yet another (third) observer, with whatever time density, the person in the “more time in the system” (more energy: heat, gravity) has aged more rapidly in comparison between the first two, when meeting at the point where two time flows have equalized.

thus i was correct that physics textbooks have an error in it. traveler at close to speed of light, with acceleration and deceleration pumping up gravity, increases local time, with that for outside observer in outside timeframe the traveler has passed more time, aging faster.. and is not arriving in the future (this is a fundamental error in reasoning, in the physics textbooks). the traveler had simply aged more than it would had happened by moving slowly. this makes way more sense than the commonly accepted description by physicists trying to describe time travel. there’s no such thing as time travel — you will always arrive to the same time flow where you left off (in the new point in time where the local time has arrived to), but you have aged faster at high energy densities, which also means at high time densities.

again, as i have mentioned in my earlier writings, everyday examples only prove my reasoning: we refrigerate food in order to preserve it, slowing its local time. even people are being frozen these days (cryonics), to wake them up in the future, to cure them from deadly conditions not curable today. one cannot travel to the future or to the past [sending data as quantum states may be possible, but not objects with a mass], only to speed up or to slow down local time. time flows like a fluid, like heat. there’s no doubt in my mind anymore that time is not constant but a flexible unit, we are just so used to the physical facts around us that we don’t realize how time flows at different rates in objects around us, depending how much energy is in them. perhaps heat (the temperature above absolute zero) is the very thing that we call time.. but that may be a leap too far in my thinking. definitely temperature and time are correlated.

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please note that these results are based on general thought experiments, not on precise calculations. there’s a physical limit to how much i can take on in my life.. at this point in time i have other priorities. to make precise calculations i will need to revisit the truths of mathematics and physics, not to make any mistakes. i leave making of precise calulations to professionals in physics and mathematics.

absolute zero is also the limit of time.

while my reasoning is definitely not complete and i must learn a lot about reality of physics for every part in my arguments, here’s another speculation (read previous posts): you could go back in time only if you could create negative temperature, below absolute zero. so far even truly absolute zero has never been achieved — there are still above zero energy fluctuations left on lowest level of temperature. in my view this is so because you cannot stop time, not to mention about going back in time. the temperature and time relation still holds in my mind, but as i said i’ve got still a lot to learn. i’m not a trained physicist, just an engineer by education. unfortunately i can’t learn everything at once, thus some parts in my reasoning remain often just educated guesses rather than facts based on known science.. known to someone else but for me yet to learn.

energy creates time.

the more energy is pumped into a system the more time is created, therefore the relative slowing of time during acceleration and deceleration close to speed of light, which creates local gravity, which in turn increases time, which creates the sense like time is slowing down but in fact just more time is created. perhaps not a news but i wrote it up to think further about the relation of temperature and time, another day.

reference to my previous post on relation of temperature and time.

the relation of temperature and time.

if entropy is the measure of time (i’m not sure but seems plausible) and the change in temperature changes the rate of entropy, then temperature change also changes the speed at which time flows at any given location. thus time is not flowing at constant speed. close to speed of light time slows down significantly as it is well known.. but even at local level molecules of heated materials speed up quite a lot, which is a paradox because time should slow down, not speed up which is what happens with the physical processes in heated materials. at absolute zero time should stop.. which is not the case, thus my reasoning may have a flow in it — maybe temperature change does not change the flow of time. but perhaps it is not a paradox: if time slows down in heated materials it is slowing for fast moving molecules, while for outside observer the time goes faster compared to the local time in heated up materials. i’ve come to these thoughts again and again over many years and i’ve written about this in my different blogs several times years ago.. and it is still bothering me from time to time.

there’s also a possibility that the slowing of time has been described fundamentally wrong as someone made an error in the thought experiment and the error carried on in physics textbooks with no-one daring to address the error. you see, if you move at high velocity everything flies past you at high speed.. same to the outside observer watching the speeding object, thus the relativity principle is preserved. or if the clocks are ticking at different rate you must admit the existence of ether, about which i argued with physics teachers already when i was perhaps in 5th grade or so. it has never made me sense why in absence of ether one clock should slow down at high velocity between observers while both reference points are equal.. in this case the relativity principle is lost. thus i always argued that existence of ether is proven to me by the very principle of slowing time at high velocity — the reference to the motion of time is not another observer with equal result regardless of from which side to look, but the ether. the error though is in how it’s described — the traveler at high speed should age faster in reference to those not speeding. in this case the fact that in heated up materials, where molecules move at much higher velocity, have also higher rate of entropy, makes sense — the time in the heated materials goes faster compared to the time of observer. the time is relative even in our everyday actions — this is why we refrigerate food for it to last longer, to preserve it, to slow down its rate of aging.

ps. by now i’m a bit smarter and have an understanding that slowing of time is not due to speed but due to gravity, while the speed only plays role during acceleration and deceleration, which creates local gravity, which in turn slows down the time. if one moves with high velocity at constant rate the time is equal for both observers, thus the relativity principle is preserved. but the heating process, accelerating of molecules, still bothers me — it should change the rate of time locally, relative to observers. bouncing molecules decelerate fast while accelerating other molecules, which process creates local gravity, which in turn slows down time.. or speeds up from reference point of an outside observer.

[it’s two o’clock at night here in italy.. i woke up about an hour ago and can’t sleep on this question, again.. so i had to write it all up fast to get some rest. therefore, any errors allowed]

violent gangs entering science.

a well established criminal gang in america, making headlines recently for tens of political killings, calling themselves “mob rule” (in translation from “democracy”), is seeking to hire a spacecraft to travel to a star which is about to explode. they plan to go back in time and return safely to earth just before the last elections. there are difficult talks going on with several high-tech companies as those are not sure — the “mob rule” cannot be trusted to return the spacecraft intact. as an alternative, the tech companies are testing the going back in time plan by trying to make several progressive news sources non existing. so far the time still goes forward. the “mob rule” hasn’t given up yet, but it seems that they too must abide by the rules of the universe.